Lakshmi puja is performed on the Amavasya day in the month of Kartik and hence most times it will coincide with the Diwali celebrations. Before the Puja, Goddess Laksmi is invoked in the homes on the day of Dhanteras or the thirteenth day of the Krishna Paksha (waning phase of moon). Stretching over three days, the Lakshmi puja grand finale happens on the New moon day or Amavasya.
Maha Lakshmi is the goddess of wealth and the consort of Lord Vishnu. Maha Lakshmi emanated from the ocean when the gods and demons churned it in pursuit of heaven. A symbol of prosperity, courage, fame and abundance, Lakshmi is said to visit every household on this day to receive their offerings and puja and fill their homes with prosperity and happiness. Especially women and the business community takes an immense interest in Lakshmi puja. The idols or pictures of Goddess Lakshmi are decorated elaborately on this day to prepare for the puja.
Significance of Lakshmi puja
On the day of Lakshmi puja, the deities worshipped include Goddess Lakshmi, Ganesh and Kuber (the lord of wealth). Some business communities begin their accounting year on this day and hence they keep their account books and ledgers in front of the puja altar to seek the blessings of Goddess Lakshmi. The old stocks are closed and the new accounting starts. They pray Goddess Lakshmi to give them wealth, prosperity and good luck. In some places of India, the Chopda puja is also performed along with Lakshmi puja.