Kali puja falls on the day of Amavasya (new moon day) in the month of Ashwin. Most times, the day of Kali puja coincides with Diwali or Choti Diwali. Kali puja is not an age old event in India, It was initiated by Bengal King Krishna Chandra of Navadvipa. Since then, this puja became a regular event in Bengal and other parts of India. In most cases, Kali pujas are done in the courtyards or pandals erected in temples. Some people perform this puja in their homes also.
Goddess Kali is one of the most popular deities and the incarnation of Ma Durga worshipped in the eastern states of India. Kali is the loving Mother who nourishes the universes and takes care of her children protecting them from all evil. Kali puja is done to seek her blessings to remove the adversities in life and shed light on their paths.
Kali puja rituals
The rituals performed for the Kali puja are done during the night. Some people observe a day long fast and conclude it after the pujas get over in the night. On the night before Kali puja, Bengalis light 14 lamps in their homes. It is believed that these lamps will help ward off the evil spirits. It is also said that these lamps represent the past fourteen generations of the family. As per the belief, the spirits of ancestors descend on the earth a day before Diwali on the Kali Puja day and hence the day is dedicated to pleasing them with worship. People also buy 14 types of vegetables and eat them in order to keep the evils at bay.