are the first ancient texts of Mankind. According to Lokmanya Tilak, says in
his book Orion that Vedas are 5000 year old scriptures. Astrology is as old
as the Vedas. Out of the four Vedas Yajur Veda was the first and the
description of almost all the constellations are available in it. It is noted
that the first constellation was Krittika not Ashwini as believed or used
nowadays. Primarily astrology is considered the science of rashi, nakshatras
and grahas (constellation, signs and cosmos).
During the Vedic times culture, society, perception and concept of life were entirely different from what we imagine today. Perhaps knowledge and civilization were peaking to such heights that the understanding of the world, human relationships, deities and God were very informal. Many Gods were being worshipped and the primary deities are Sun, Vayu and Agni. For the benefit of mankind and keeping equilibrium in society and ecology besides these three deities many more deities were invoked from time to time through the medium of yagyas. The general intellect of human beings was so advanced that he could create one to one relationship with numerous deities for his benefit. We also come across the concept of one God and many Gods like Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh other Gods and Devis.
The equality of man and woman relationship was thoroughly observed during the time of the Vedas. Women deities were worshipped independently of their male partner as well as together. On the concept of Shiva Shakti one can see the importance of Shakti (Devi) is no less than Shiva in any form. The concepts of astrology were used extensively in the form of knowing rashis, nakshtras and planets and using their energy or inherent power for the upliftment of material and spiritual world. There is no evidence that astrological charts were in practice at that time although nakshatra were kept in the highest esteem and used for other tantric, yantric and mantric activities.
There is a misconception about the length of four yugas. According to yugas calculation, we are in the Kalyug and that is the first charan of kalyug. It means few more lakhs of years have to pass before we enter into another yuga. This calculation cannot be correct and has been challenged from time to time by great yogis and scholars. We have just entered into the 21st century and if we look back on the 20th century then we will be shocked to notice that there is very little similarity between the last and this century. Even at a human level if one is 40 or 50 years of age and he looks back on his life then he will be surprised that the world in which he was living in 20 years back does not exist any longer. It is therefore difficult to imagine what it was like in the earlier millenniums. Life, culture, society, scientific development etc. have all undergone a sea change.
Swami Sri Yukteshwar Giri, the guru of Paramhans Yogananda belives that Kalyug or the Iron Age ended in 1894, and the world is already in Dwarpar Yug. According to Oriental astronomy the moons revolve around their planets. The planets in turn revolve around the sun along with their moons. Sun takes some star as its dual and revolves around that dual along with the planets and their moons. One revolution of the Sun takes 24,000 earth years. The sun also revolves around the universal magnetism, the grand centre called Vishnu Nabhi. During its revolution when the Sun is close to the Vishnu Nabhi the intellect of the universe is fully developed. However when the Sun is at the farthest point from the Vishnu Nabhi then the intellect is at the lowest. The yugas are formed based on the movement of the Sun with respect to the Vishnu Nabhi, over half a cycle or 12,000 years. The yugas point to the general level of intellect and understanding that is prevalent during this movement of the Sun. However individuals can put in efforts and rise above the general understanding that is present based on this planetary influence.
Astrology reading and making of birth charts came into practice much later than the Vedic times. By that time chart making had become a general practice; not only had a lot of time elapsed but the culture, society and human values had changed. All over the world human societies were dependent on agriculture and manpower was used in all activities. The Oriental society had undergone a sea change and Man had become the focal point of the entire family. Women had taken a secondary role according to the need and prevalent situation. At that time it was required that women would be subversive to man because he was the controller of the family and society. The identity of women would be almost severed when she entered into wedlock. Not long ago we used to teach our daughters on their wedding day that her palquin will go to her groom’s house and from there she would depart only when she breathes her last. Today we seldom hear such sentiments from parents when their daughter gets married and couples of this generation wonder - was it so?
It is an irony of fate that all the shastras or texts were written by men which favour him to the maximum as compared to women. The bias of men can easily be seen in all these texts when one starts looking at them minutely. The same is true for ‘mangal dosha’ or ‘Mars evil’ in astrology. Mars is the most potent planet of the zodiac after the Sun and every astrologer worth his salt, will praise the quality of Mars if it is present in the lagna of his male client. He may say that this person is very strong, courageous, energetic, forceful, dynamic, fearless, can conquer his enemies easily, may become commander –in-chief etc. etc.. However if the same Mars is present in a girl’s chart the astrologer gets depressed himself and makes sure that his client remains depressed for the rest of his life. His total reversal will be seen as he uses words like arrogance, stubborn, aggressive, negative, intolerant, dominating, housebreaker and god-forbid her husband may die due to this harmful Mars. Alas one wonders what has happened to Mars all of a sudden.
According to the prevalent understanding of mangal dosha, the placement of Mars can create havoc if placed in the following houses – 12th, 1st, 4th, 7th and 8th. According to South Indian system of astrology mangal dosha extends to two more houses 2nd and 5th. Mangal dosha is calculated from lagna, Moon and Venus. Acording to this calculation more than 80% people are born ‘manglik’. In other words, if five people are present in a group then four of them are bound to be manglik. It is very difficult to find non-manglik persons according to this calculation.
Lagna represents the physical aspect of human being; Moon denotes the mental makeup of a person and Venus decides the sexual aspect of a human being. The 12th house is considered bad for the placement of Mars because it deals with bed comforts or loss of energy. It is believed that if Mars is present in the 12th house in a woman’s chart especially then her sexual desires may be much more that what her husband can cope with. Therefore a girl born with Mars in the 12th house is generally discarded without giving much importance to the other aspects of her chart.
Lagna or 1st house represents self. If Mars is present in this house especially vis-a-vis to the girl then we had explained what would be the outcome earlier in this article. The 4th house deals with family, comfort and peace of mind. If Mars is placed in the 4th house in a girls chart then sure shot she is going to be a house-breaker sooner or later therefore she is rejected for the happiness of the groom’s family.
The 7th house represents spouse or partner and the placement of Mars in this house can make the girl very demanding for more sexual pleasures from her husband which he cannot easily fulfill. God forbid placement of Mars in the 8th house is a sure shot passport for the death of her husband. The 8th house is considered death house in astrology and Mars being a violent planet one imagines destruction only if it is present in the girls chart.
The basic sutra of astrology is that astrology changes and evolves from time to time. The great sages of yore have mentioned in the preamble of astrology that astrology should be applied with desh, kaal and paristhiti (country, age and circumstances). Perhaps all of us have forgotten this basic sutra and apply astrology blindly. It is very unfortunate that astrology is the only science of this earth where the practitioner instead of applying his mind or experience brings out the book and shows it to his client or starts deciphering the shlokas which were written millions of years back. If you go to a doctor, psychiatrist, engineer, architect, psychologist, counselor, healers etc. they never cite texts but an astrologer will not lose a chance to cite a text to prove his point. Fifty percent of people in this world never believed in astrology and those who believe in astrology may lose interest in the subject if it is not transformed from its earlier concept.
Our understanding and interpretation of Mars is very different to the prevalent concept. Man and woman are equally important and not lacking in any qualities. According to Shivasutra in every man 50% of woman is present and in the same way in every woman 50% man is present. That is why any woman can show her fierce side as and when required and the same way every man has a softer side to him and can exhibit a motherly instinct. No culture no society no country can progress by ignoring or condemning 50% of its population and with changing times women are playing a very important role all over the world and so also in India. If India’s economy is progressing it is because of the large contribution of women power. In Vedic times women were given equal importance and that is why that society and knowledge evolved to the maximum.
Times are changing and so is the awareness of womenfolk especially in India. Astrology is nothing but the understanding, reading and study of time alone. Therefore it is the duty of savant astrologers to adapt to the changing times. According to our understanding if Mars is present in the 12th house of a girl’s chart then instead of creating problems on the sexual level she may be very useful in teaching her husband the inner concept of sex. The deeper understanding of sex is to enjoy it to the hilt and then drop it and move forward. The energy which was going waste or lying dormant can be used for spiritual development. When Mars is present in the 1st house in the woman’s horoscope then she can be a go-getter and solve the problems of a household just as a man does. The job of Mars in the first house is to give ample energy and force to the person so the person can fulfill their tasks with ease. Mars as a planet does not differentiate between girl and boy.
When Mars is placed in the 4th house of a girl’s chart then instead of destroying the peace of the house or fighting with her mother-in-law she will have better ideas to make the house heaven with her positive energy. When Mars is placed in the 7th house in a girl’s chart then in spite of focusing her energy on sex and destruction she can provide total support to her husband which gives freedom to both of them to bring happiness and harmony in the family. There is no truth in it that when Mars is present in the 8th house in a girl’s chart then she brings death to her husband. Birth and death are controlled by the Almighty and man’s role is insignificant in this scheme of the cosmos. The 8th house is also known for its secret power and hidden knowledge and treasure and placement of Mars in this house always contributes in those fields.
I am involved right from the concept of computer astrology in this country and I know the formation of computer programs of astrology which are present in this country and abroad. Computer astrology has been a boon for mankind as well as for the subject. At the same time computerized match-making has done the most disservice to the marriage world for the last 30 years. All match-making programs are faulty. Just by seeing the placement of Mars in a particular house the computer reading gives wrong interpretations. I have data with me that many marriages could not take place because of wrong computer calculations and interpretations. I also have data that those matches that were discarded by computer programs are successful marriages. Since an astrologer has the habit of showing shastras now they show computer print-outs. Every household can do match-making at home and when they read the computer printout they believe that rishi Parashar is himself speaking and they will follow like a sheep that follows others and chooses his own destiny.
My humble suggestion to all software companies is that that they should scrap the current match-making program and write a new one based on the knowledge and experience of scholars and those well-versed in the subject and base the interpretations on available data. If you call astrology a science then it cannot remain constant and any science which does not change with the times extinguishes from the system altogether.