Most of us performed puja’s at one or other point of time. Have you ever thought why priest performing the Puja ask the performer to touch various parts of body during the ritual? This practice has stunning and deep meaning.
Yajurveda Reveals, "Yatha pinde tatha brahmande, yatha brahmande tatha pinde".
That is –“As is the individual, so is the universe, as is the universe, so is the individual" or "As is the human body, so is the Cosmic Body, as is the cosmic body so is the human body"
As per this narration the structure of the body reflects the structure of the cosmos- is it so? The narration of the Universe as mentioned in classic texts can be well associated with body structure.
Three worlds of Universe and their existence in Body
The Hari-vamsha Purana has mentioned different divisions of our Universe and label them as the:
•Urdhva-loka (Highest abodes) - Higher planetary systems are the realms of Devas, Angels, Spirits and Manes. This system contains 6 sub Systems.
•Madhya or Bhu-loka (Middle ones) - the abode of mortal beings like Humans and animals
•Adho-loka (the Lower realms) - The Lower planets are populated by the Demons and Nag’s. It also has 7 sub systems.
From Skull to toe these lokas exist in human body too. The existence of these lokas in body is as follows-
The Six Higher lokas are- In the Abdomen –it is Bhuvah loka. In the Heart –it is Swarag Loka. In the Throat –it is Mahar Loka. In the Mouth –it is Jana Loka. In the Brain –it is Tapa Loka. In the Brahma Randhra(Apicalpore) –it is Satyan Loka.
In the navel –it is Bhuloka.
The six Adho-Lokas are- In the waist –Patalloka. At the Anal Region –Rasatal. At the base of groin –it is Talatal loka. At genital Suture –it is Mahatal loka. In the knee –it is Sutala Loka. Above the feet –it is Vitala. Beneath the feet –it is Tala Loka.
Seas and their existence in Body
As per classics there are 7 prominent sagar. These exist in human body too. The names of seas and their existence in Human body is as follows-
In the throat stay Jala Sagar(Water Sea). In the Blood stay Dahi Sagar(Curd Sea). In the semen there is Rusa Sagar (semantic sea). In the Marrow –Ghrita Sagar(Ghee Sea). In the mucus- Sura sagar(Wine sea). In the milk- Ksheer Sagar(milk sea). In the urinary region- Kara Sagar(Saline sea).
Prominent Parvatas and their existence in Body
As per classics there are 6 prominent sparvatas. These exist in human body too. The names of parvatas and their existence in Human body is as follows-
In the heart resides Meru Parvat. In a triangle below it is Madaranchal parvat. In the right side of body is Kailash parvat. In the left side of body there is Himachal parvat. In the transverse line there is Nishabdha parvat and in line right to it is Gandhamedan parvat
Prominent Dweepa (Islands) and their existence in Body
As per classics there are 7 prominent Dweepa. These exist in human body too. The names of Dweepa and their existence in Human body is as follows-
Pushkara Dweepa is in the nails. Pluksha Dweepa is in the Body hair. Shalmali Dweepa is in the skin. Kraunch Dwweepa is in the nerves. Kusha Dweepa is in the flesh. Shaka Dweepa is in the Marrow. Jambu dweepa is in the bones.
Planets and their existence in Body
The prominent planets also reside in the Body – abode of the Sun is one finger below Bramharandhra. One finger below it in Bindu Chakra resides Moon. Abode of Mars is in the eyes. Abode of Mercury is in the Heart. Abode of Jupiter is in the Navel. Abode of Saturn is in naval ball. Abode of Ketu is in the mouth. Agnideva stays in the mouth as voice
Vayudeva enters the nostrils as life, Directional lords stay in the ears as sound, Lord of medicinal herbs stays in skin as body hair, Mrityudeva (Death) Stays in navel as Apanavayu .
5 elements and their existence in Body
For existence 5 elements – Air, Water, Sky, Fire and ether are necessary. These reside in human body too. Their existence in Human body is as follows-
Contraction, running, expansion and motion contain properties of Air element. Thirst, hunger, laziness, sleep and glow contain property fire. Skin, bones, nerves, body hair contain properties of earth. Saliva, urine, blood, marrow, semen contains properties of water. Sound, attachment, vacuum, worry, doubt all contains properties of ether.
33 principle Devtas and their existence in Body
The classics mention about 33 principles Devtas who were the guardians of Nature and Cosmic Creation. They are 12 adityas or Solar gods including Indra, Surya, Mitra and Varun. 11 Rudras include the Manifestations of Lord Shiv. Vasus or Elemental gods such as Vayu, Agni, Antariksh and Dyaus, the Sky God. Praja pati Brahma and Shri Vishnu .
The human Vertebral column or backbone or spine, consisting of 24 articulating Vertebrae and 9 fused vertebrae, adding to total of 33. All these gods rule over one specific Vertebrae. In yog sadhana there are 33 chakras in body one each ruled by specific devta. Among these 33 seven are more prominent known as 7 chakras in body.
Thus in all while performing Puja, performer by touching various parts of body identify the different subtle points wherein the body corresponds with the cosmos. It is reverence shown to cosmos – the ultimate entity. This indicates that we are not isolated, separate beings. This separation is an illusion. We form part of the network that has no beginning and no end. As is the body, so is the universe.