Gauri Ganpati as it is popularly known is performed in many homes in the state of Maharashtra during Ganesh Chaturthi. This year, Gauri avahan or sthapna takes place on 31st August; Gauri Puja takes place on the 31st August and the Visarjan, along with five-day Ganpati visarjan takes place on 5th September.
Gauri is an avatar of Ma Parvati, mother of Lord Ganesha. However, in Maharashtra, it is believed that Gauri is Ganesha’s sister who comes to visit him. Like her brother, the arrival of Ma Gauri in one’s home represents health, wealth, happiness & prosperity. In fact, Gauri sthapna is done with two idols of Ma Gauri.
During Ganesh Chaturthi, Ma Gauri idols are brought home two days post the beginning of the festival. She stays for three days. On the second day, a Satyanarayan Puja is conducted and on the third day, she is immersed in water. As per legends, it is believed that these two sisters in the form of Ma Gauri follow Ganesha to every home he visits. Ma Gauri is also considered the Upasana of Ma Lakshmi in some states of India. In Karnataka, Gauri is considered Lord Ganesha’s mother as Gauri puja occurs a day before or on the day of Ganesh Chaturthi. In West Bengal, Ma Saraswati and Ma Lakshmi are sisters of Lord Ganesha, and they are the children of Ma Durga.